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Posted by Aneesh P V on January 26, 2010 at 9:30 AM Comments comments (0)


The Constitution of India came into force, and India declared itself a Republic on 26 January, 1950, a day thereafter celebrated annually as Republic Day in India. The Constitution had been drafted by the Constituent Assembly headed by Dr. B.R. Ambedkarwhich was set up when India gained its independence from the British in1947. This, in fact, was a deliberate act: The 26th of January wasinitially India's "Independence Day", one of Mahatma Gandhi's manysymbolic acts during India's struggle for freedom against Britishcolonial rule, and the adoption of the Constitution on this date wasfelt able to strengthen its initial meaning, one calling for Indians ofall ages to declare their freedom from the British Raj. It is one of three national holidays in India, the other two being the nation's Independence Day on August 15 (since 1947) and the birthday of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi on October 2. And so, after the disposal of the Empire of India, King George VI was the last and only "Emperor" of modern India.

To mark this occasion, a grand parade is held near Rajpath in New Delhi, the capital of India, beginning from Raisina Hill near the Rashtrapati Bhavan (Presidential Palace), along the Rajpath, past India Gate and on to the historic Red Fort in the old quarter of the city. Different infantry, cavalry and mechanized regiments of the Indian Army, the Indian Navy and the Indian Air Force march in formation, decked in all their finery and official decorations. The President of India, who is also the Commander in Chief of the Indian Armed Forces, relishes the salute. The Chief Guest of the paradeis the Head of State of another nation. The parade also includes manytraditional dance troupes, to symbolize the cultural heritage of India.It traditionally ends with a colourful flypast by Indian Air Force jets in a tiranga formation. Similar parades are held in the capitals of all the states of India,where the Governors of the respective states take the salute. Theofficial conclusion of republic day festivities is much later on 29January, three days after the Republic day. This ceremony is called Beating The Retreat.

 -(from wikipedia)